One of the central themes of the Old Testament is the coming Messiah.
The word “Messiah” or “Anointed One,” or, in Greek, “Christ,” is found in Psalm 2:2 and Daniel 9:25-26.
Psalm 2:2: “The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD and against His Anointed, saying . . .”
Prophecy about the Messiah
Some scholars have found more than 400 places in the Old Testament that refer to the coming Messiah.
Author Paul Humber has found 414 prophecies, appearances, or foreshadowings (PAFs) of Christ in the Old Testament. This chapter includes 365 Old Testament prophecies and references to Christ.
Jesus Said He is the Messiah
In the Book of John, we read that Jesus said He is the Messiah.
In John 4:1-26, Jesus spoke with a Samaritan woman at Jacob’s well. It took place in the city of Sychar in Samaria, while Jesus and His disciples traveled from Judea to Galilee.
Jesus broke tradition in speaking with the woman, as Jews had no dealings with Samaritans (v. 9). After asking her for a drink of water, Jesus then told the woman about the “gift of God” and the “living water” (v. 10) that He could give her. In verses 13 and 14, Jesus reveals to her the results of drinking the living water.
Then, Jesus received a word of knowledge about the woman having five husbands and her current man not being her husband.
Following that, Jesus continued to reveal to her deep truths and teachings. He told the woman about salvation being of the Jews and about God being a Spirit. He finished the revelation about the Spirit with this: “’God is Spirit, and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and truth’” (John 4:24). Then, we read:
“The woman said to Him, ‘I know that Messiah is coming’ (who is called Christ). ‘When He comes, He will tell us all things.’
“Jesus said to her, ‘I who speak to you am He’” (John 4:25-26).
Primary Prophecies of Jesus Christ
Some of the primary prophecies of Jesus Christ the Messiah are:
The Messiah would be the seed/offspring of a woman and would crush the head of Satan (Genesis 3:15).
He would be from the tribe of Judah (Genesis 49:10).
He would be born at Bethlehem of Judah (Micah 5:2).
He would be born of a virgin (Isaiah 7:14).
He would have a throne, a kingdom, and a dynasty, or house, starting with King David, that will last forever (2 Samuel 7:16).
Messiah would be tortured to death (Psalm 22:1-31).
He would be pierced for our transgression and crushed for our iniquities (Isaiah 53:5).
His life would match a particular description, including suffering, silence at his arrest and trial, death and burial in a rich man’s tomb, and resurrection (Isaiah 52:13-53:12).
He would die among the wicked ones but be buried with the rich (Isaiah 53:9).
He would be resurrected from the grave, for God would not allow His Holy One to suffer decay (Psalm 16:10).